Note: The sources of the images in lecture PowerPoint are acknowledged in the notes' spaces under each slide.


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Video resources:

For your interest:
Classical conditioning -- Pavlov's dog experiment (dramatic recreation)

Operant conditioning -- Thorndike's cat-in-a-puzzle-box experiment:

Operant conditioning -- Skinner interviewed about his pigeon experiments and his thinking of human's free will:

Operant conditioning -- Skinner's pigeons, behaviour modelling, and self-concept

Operant conditioning -- John Watson's famous (and now infamous) Little Albert experiment

Operant conditioning -- Just for laughs: Big Bang
Embedding isn't permitted but the link is here:
Operant conditioning: Big Bang

Task of the week:

Complete one of the following tasks. It is recommended that you choose a task that is in alignment with your ongoing reflections about the 9 provocations and your assumptions of teaching.

1. Evaluate behaviourist techniques of instruction
In Tuesday's tutorial, you are to apply behaviourist principles of classroom instruction in conducting a micro-lesson. Based on your experience as a teacher or a student at the tutorial, reflect and evaluate the effectiveness and limitaions of behaviourist techniques to teaching.

2. Task analysis
One of the techniques in direct or explicit teaching is breaking down complex tasks into manageable steps / subskills for students to master one step / subskill at a time. Follow the examples in the lecture slides and complete a task analysis of a complex skill you may teach one day at secondary level. Afterwards, write about whether or not this exercise will help with your future lesson preparation. If yes, how?

3. Case study 1: Effective use of timeout
Visit the Moodle site of this unit and locate the PDF of this case study and evaluate the teacher, Jonathon's use of timeout in controlling a student's behaviour.
(Note: The PDF document is taken from the recommended text of this unit, Krause, et al. (2010). Out of copy right considerations, this document cannot be provided on this page here.)

4. Applied behavioural analysis
Applied behavioural analysis, or ANA, is a technique based on behaviourist learning principles aimed at changing academic or social behaviour. Focusing on observable and quantifiable behaviour, the instructor bases his/her intervention on observed changes.
Read the PDF describing the main steps in applied behavioural analysis on Moodle and, if necessary, locate other readings online on the topic. Will you be able to apply this technique in a future classroom or school playground situation? If yes, what type of situation and how may you apply the technique?

5. Lesson planning using the ASSURE model.
Access a lesson plan at the following address:
ASSURE model of lesson plan
What are the characteristics of this lesson plan that distinguish it as an example of a behavioural approach to learning and instruction?

6. Case study 2: Explicit teaching
a) Watch the youtube video clip.
What aspects of the teaching do you appreciate? What aspects do you think you can change or improve for your disciplinary teaching?

b) Watch a second video clip on explicit instructions.
How do you compare the teacher's practices with those of the teacher in the first video?